New year brings new laws
SACRAMENTO Starting Sunday, child care centers need to serve healthier beverages, tanning salons are off limits to teens under 18, and the once ubiquitous packaging peanut’s days are numbered.
Another California law ringing in the new year requires large stores and manufacturers to publicize efforts to combat human trafficking and slavery in their supply chain. And school coaches must pull from play any student athlete suspected of having a concussion.
Most of the laws to take effect Sunday were among the 745 passed by th Christian Louboutin e Legislature and signed by Gov. Jerry Brown in 2011. history.
Some of this year’s laws, such as the Safe Body Art Act, will not go into effect until mid 2012 or later. The body art law sets minimum standards for tattoo artists starting July 1.
Other new laws date from previous years. Those include a 2009 measure that, starting Sunday, will revoke motorists’ licenses for 10 years after they have three or more drunken driving convictions.
Many young car passengers, meanwhile, will have to get back in the booster seat Sunday under legislation signed in October.
The law requires kids to be in booster seats until they are at least 8 years old or 4 feet, 9 inches or taller. Since 2002, children have had to ride in booster seats until they are 6 years old or 60 pounds.
Supporters of the new law say it will ensure that seat belts are properly positioned on 7 and 8 year olds, better restraining them in traffic accidents. In most cases, proponents say, parents can keep using their child’s current booster seat.
Another child related law takes aim at obesity.
Beginning Sunday, the sta Christian Louboutin te’s 67,000 licensed child care centers, which serve up to 1.2 million children, can provide only unflavored nonfat or low fat milk and beverages that lack added sweeteners. Then Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signed the law in 2010.
“It’s really the perfect opportunity to introduce them to healthy foods and healthy beverages,” said Ellen Braff Guajardo, a senior nutrition policy advocate for California Food Policy Advocates, the bill’s sponsor. “Getting Christian Louboutin someone on track in pre school means that when they enter K 12, they’ve been exposed to healthier diets.”
The California Department of Social Services and child care groups have spread the word about the new law. Some centers made the move to healthier beverages years ago.
“We don’t like to serve the children all that sugar. And we’ve been doing nonfat milk for at least 15 years. Now they’re used to it,” said Diana Autumn, administrative assistant at the Anne Sullivan Nursery School in Wildomar. The school cares for 110 children.
A 2008 law taking effect Sunday bans packing peanuts that are 100 percent non recycled Christian Louboutin polystyrene. Companies can still sell the peanuts until 2013, but only if 60percent of their content is recycled material.
Mark Murray, executive director of Californians Against Waste, which supported the bill, said manufacturers have steadily moved away from the peanuts in recent years. There is no sign of manufacturers taking advantage of the bill’s recycled content option, he said.
Other types of packaging have become more common, such as small air filled bags. Those take up less landfill space and don’t pose the same risk to marine wildlife as the peanuts, Murray said.
“It seems that the industry has handled it without a hiccup,” he said.
Here is a rundown of some major laws taking effect Sunday:
Dream Act: The first phase of the law makes students in the country illegally eligible for non state financial aid at the University of California, California State University and the community college system. Starting in 2013, the students would be eligible for all state financial aid programs.
Tanning beds: People under the age of 18 cannot use ultraviolet tanning devices. Previous rules prohibited children under 14 from using tanning beds and allowed 14 to 17 year olds to use them with parental permission.
Credit reports: Employers cannot use credit reports in employment decisions.
Guns: Responding to the “open carry” movement, a law makes it a misdemeanor to carry an exposed and unloaded handgun in public.
Alcohol sales: People can no longer buy alcohol at stores’ self checkout stations.
Carpool lanes: Up to 40,000 plug in hybrid vehicles can get stickers to use carpool lanes until Dec. 31, 2014.
Jewelry: Prohibits the manufacture, shipping or sale of children’s jewelry that contains cadmium 300 parts per million or above.
Human trafficking: The Transparency in Supply Chains Act requires retail sellers and manufacturers to disclose their efforts to eradicate slavery and human trafficking from their direct supply chains.